IVF and ICSI are two conventional techniques to deal with infertility problems. Let’s begin with having a clear understanding of what IVF and ICSI are. The complicated names and jargon around fertility treatments don’t help the whole infertility experience. Here, we break it down for you and hope to help you with your assisted reproduction options.
In-vitro fertilization, or IVF, has been used as a catch-all for all infertility treatments, but in reality, it’s aimed to help women with structural obstacles to fertility. It’s a solution to issues like damaged Fallopian Tubes, Low Egg Counts, Unsuccessful rounds of IUI, Unexplained infertility etc. In IVF, the ovaries are stimulated to develop multiple follicles after which the eggs are extracted from ovaries and the male partner is asked for a sperm sample either by masturbation or using the TESA procedure, in some cases. In the laboratory, if it’s a traditional IVF procedure, the extracted eggs and sperms are combined together in a laboratory dish for natural fertilization to occur.
On the other hand, Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, or ICSI, is one of the most potent techniques of insemination which is applied to achieve fertilisation. Here a single sperm is picked up with a fine glass needle and is injected directly into the egg.
IVF is suggested when the traditional methods of fertility treatments are unsuccessful. Whereas, ICSI initiates insemination in case of inexplicable fertility problems and poor surviving sperm cells. IVF is also more effective in the treatment of female infertility and has not been found very useful in treating male infertility. In terms of effectiveness, both treatments have proven to have similar success rates.
Find out which one is suitable for you by consulting our team at ZIVA.