Attached to the word ‘infertility’ is a lot of taboo, shame, and confusion.
We know what male and female infertility is, we know what the outcome of infertility is, but do we know the causes, symptoms, treatments and various other components of infertility?
Let’s briefly take a look at the nitty-gritty of infertility and its components.
What is Infertility?
Keeping it short and simple, infertility means not being able to get pregnant after one year of trying, women who can get pregnant but are unable to stay pregnant may also be infertile.
Can only women be infertile?
Both men and women can have issues that cause infertility.
About one-third of infertility cases are caused by women’s issues. Another one-third of fertility problems are due to men’s issues. The other cases are caused by a mixture of male and female or unknown issues.
What causes infertility in women?
The most common cause of infertility in women is problems with ovulation. With no ovulation, there are no eggs to be fertilised.
Some signs that a woman is not ovulating normally include irregular or absent menstrual periods.
What increases the risk of infertility in women?
Age, smoking, excessive drinking, poor diet, being underweight or overweight, STIs, stress, athletic training, PCOS/PCOD are some major factors that can increase the risk of infertility in women.
What causes infertility in men?
A problem called varicocele is majorly responsible for men’s infertility. Varicocele is when the veins on a man’s testicle(s) are too large which causes the testicles to heat up that affects the number/shape of the sperm.
Sometimes men are born with issues that affect his sperm and other times it can be caused due to illness, injury, cystic fibrosis et cetera.
What increases the risk of infertility in men?
Age, smoking, excessive drinking/heavy alcohol use, drugs, poor diet, environmental toxins, radiation treatment or chemotherapy are some major factors that can increase the risk of infertility in women.
Infertility treatment options for women?
IUI, IVF, ICSI, laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery, tubal surgeries, stimulating ovulation with fertility drugs are some options that women have to treat infertility.
Infertility treatment options for men?
Surgery, treatment of infections, hormone treatment and medications, and assisted reproductive technology are some options that men have to treat infertility.
In rare cases when the treatments are not effective, one can always choose to go for sperm or egg donation.
Infertility is not the end of the world, infertility is not a taboo and it’s definitely not something one should be ashamed of.
For more questions about infertility symptoms, causes, tests, treatments et cetera, contact us.
You can call us at +91 9100009482 or visit our website www.zivafertility.com