Infertility affects over 186 million people on a global scale and in half of the cases, male infertility is a major contribution to the course. However, with access to Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ARTs) in most parts of the world, it has become possible to overcome this hurdle. The most common type of ART suggested by doctors is Intrauterine insemination (IUI).
IUI is considered the first-line treatment for unexplained infertility, mild endometriosis, or mild male factor infertility. An IUI is a type of artificial insemination in which sperm is injected directly into your uterine cavity near the time of ovulation. IUI is a relatively simple fertility process. Yet most people are not prepared for it due to less knowledge about the techniques involved in the procedure. Hence, to have a better understanding of IUI here are some things that will help you prepare for the procedure.
How is an IUI performed?
Ovulation occurs usually once in every menstrual cycle when hormone changes trigger an ovary to release an egg. During the procedure, the male partner will be asked to provide a semen sample about an hour or two before being scheduled for insemination. This is done by masturbating into a sterile container. The semen is “washed” to separate the sperm from the seminal fluid. This must be done before the sperm can be injected into the uterus because the seminal fluid contains substances that can irritate your uterus. Sperm “washing” may also improve the ability of the sperm to fertilize the egg. The IUI procedure places the sperm cells directly into the uterus so that the sperm starts its journey closer to the egg. Since the goal is reaching the egg and fertilizing it, cutting down on the time and distance of travel helps improve the sperm’s odds of success, as it’s more likely to reach the egg.
It is always best to wait for at least two weeks before taking a home pregnancy test since early test might produce false results. After two weeks, your doctor might ask you to return with the home pregnancy results. A blood test might be taken to detect pregnancy hormones after fertilization. In case you do not get pregnant in the first attempt, the same procedure can be repeated after a recommended period of three to six months.
IUI is recommended for:
- Women who may not ovulate, such as those with PCOS, or hypothalamic patients
- Women with unexplained infertility
- Male partners with minor semen abnormalities or ejaculatory dysfunction
- Male partners who have frozen sperm obtained before surgery, travel, or treatment for diseases
- Anyone who needs donor sperm, such as LGBT couples, heterosexual couples struggling with a malefactor or single women looking to conceive
IUI is not recommended for:
- Women who have severe disease of the fallopian tubes
- Women with a history of pelvic infections
- Women with moderate to severe endometriosis
IUI Side Effects
Patients will experience some side-effects from the IUI Treatment, mainly due to the fertility drugs. Some of these side-effects are:
- Hot flashes
- Mood swings
- Nausea, headaches or visual disturbances
- Swollen and painful ovaries, signalling ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
- Pelvic discomfort, breast tenderness, or bloating
- Ovarian cysts
- Swelling or a rash around the injection site
Pregnancy rates following IUI are varied based on your reasons for needing fertility treatment. Success rates for IUI tend to decrease in women over the age of 40, and in women who have not gotten pregnant after three cycles of IUI.
For a successful IUI in the first attempt, Ziva Fertility centre is the best centre in Hyderabad providing worldwide treatments with advanced technologies. For a safe journey towards parenthood, call us on 9100002737, 9886502167 and book an appointment.