In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
Undoubtedly, ZIVA is the best IVF treatment centre in Hyderabad. We are best known for our high success rate in all assisted reproductive technology(ART) procedures. In-vitro fertilization treatment is one of the prominent ART procedures in which fertilizing the egg with the sperm happens outside the womb.
Infertility is becoming common with a sedentary lifestyle followed by the younger generation. Today nearly 1 in 6 couples are experiencing mild to severe infertility problems worldwide, and there is a tremendous increase in the number of people opting for IVF. Approximately 1.5 million IVF cycles are performed worldwide each year.
What is IVF?
In-vitro fertilization treatment is an assisted reproductive technology (ART) in which the egg is combined with the sperm outside the womb. Mature eggs are collected from a woman’s body and fertilized with the retrieved sperm sample from the male partner in a laboratory dish.
Before the IVF cycle starts:
- Every couple is asked to sign a consent form before commencing the treatment.
- A baseline ultrasound scan is done according to the treatment plan. In the case of cysts, the cycle may persist a little longer.
- Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) injections are then started: When blood tests and ultrasound confirm the down-regulation, the FSH injections are started. The drug dose depends on a woman’s previous baseline hormone results and her response to previous stimulated cycles.
- After the baseline scan, the dosage of FSH is confirmed.
- Hormone blood tests: A woman’s blood sample will be taken for hormone assessment to check if there are under-responsive or over-responsive hormones. However, few scans will be done to monitor the FSH injection response.
These results will be used to adjust FSH injections if needed, and then the final hCG injection time and date is decided. The hCG injection will mature and release eggs within the follicles. Approximately 36 hours later, the eggs are retrieved.
IVF procedure step by step:
During your IVF procedure, multiple eggs are required. This is because a woman’s body produces only one egg per month, so the ovaries are stimulated with medicines to produce more eggs.
The doctor examines the patient by transvaginal ultrasounds and blood tests to monitor the hormone levels.
Through the ultrasounds, the fertility expert will control the size and quantity of each follicle as required.
- EGG RETRIEVAL
Just before the eggs are released during ovulation, the egg retrieval process takes place. To retrieve the eggs from a woman’s body, a surgical procedure called follicular aspiration is performed. During this step, the woman is given anaesthesia to relieve pain. The procedure might take 20-30 minutes.
The egg is retrieved aseptically through the vaginal route under the guidance of ultrasound. Then, a thin needle is connected to a suction device that goes into the vagina, the ovary, and the egg-containing follicle. The eggs and surrounding fluid is collected with the suction device.
- INSEMINATION AND FERTILIZATION
In IVF, the semen sample is collected from the male partner. Mixing the sperm and egg is referred to as ‘insemination.’ Creating an ideal environment to facilitate the sperm to enter the egg is called fertilization.
If the fertility expert feels that the chances of fertilization are low, he/she will decide to go for an Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). In ICSI, the expert will directly inject a healthy sperm into the mature egg. For successful IVF, sperm density and sperm motility are of utmost importance.
- EMBRYO CULTURE
The fertility expert then monitors the fertilized eggs kept in the incubator to ensure cell division and development. To keep up with the nutritional requirements for the growing embryos, culture media is changed at regular intervals.
These embryos then undergo cleavage into a complex structure. Then, on the 3rd or 4th day, enter a stage called ‘morula.’ Morula develops into a blastocyst on the 5th day, which is the last stage of the embryo.
While the embryo is growing in the incubator, the fertility expert removes a small sample and tests it for genetic diseases. This test is known as a ‘preimplantation genetic diagnosis or PGD. Preimplantation genetic diagnosis or PGD identifies abnormal embryos; so that the unaffected and healthy embryos can be selected for the transfer. In addition, this test reduces the risk of genetic disorders in the future.
- EMBRYO TRANSFER
Embryo transfer takes place when the embryo has developed enough to get implanted. It takes approximately 3-5 days after egg retrieval and fertilization for its development. Usually, embryo transfer is performed in the blastocyst stage, which increases the chances of conception.
A thin tube called a ‘catheter’ containing the embryo is inserted inside the vagina, through the cervix, and up into the womb. When the embryo gets implanted into the uterine wall and starts growing, a simple blood test will determine pregnancy after 10-12 days.
The success rate of IVF Procedure
Around 65,000 couples undergo infertility treatment in India, and the success rate ranges from 30% to 35%. However, the success rate of IVF treatment depends on factors like age, health conditions, etc. In women of age below 35 years, the success rate might be around 40% to 45%, and in women of age above 42 years, it will be around 15%. Though a little expensive procedure, the outcomes are highly promising compared to other ART techniques. If you can conceive in the very first attempt of IVF, the procedure will cost very little.
What Makes Ziva the Best IVF Center in Hyderabad?
ZIVA is one of the best clinics for IVF treatment in Hyderabad, as we offer top-class services at the lowest cost. We have the best-designed IVF Lab with state-of-the-art equipment and AHU following the health guidelines to provide a clean environment for embryo growth and development. In addition, a team of the best infertility doctors and medical staff are available to guide you from the initiation of the treatment till the end.
A positive frame of mind in dealing with the infertile couple delivers the best results. An in-house infertility psychologist is available to help patients cope with stress, marital issues, and any negative thoughts throughout the treatment. The usage of high-quality products and medicines helps us offer high success rates in the first attempt at IVF treatment.