When we talk about infertility, most of us think that we are talking about women. Although infertility is viewed primarily as a complication in women, it is far from reality. Fertility problems are seen in both men and women.
One of the leading causes of male infertility is testicular problems. However, many additional factors can affect male fertility, including hormonal imbalances, male reproductive disorders, health problems, surgery, and genetic disorders and trauma.
If your partner is not pregnant after a year of trying, it could be a sign of a fertility problem. Therefore, you should consult your doctor.
This information relates to male infertility and male infertility treatments.
What is male infertility?
Infertility, in general, is the inability of men and women to get pregnant within one year or more. Roughly one in seven couples in India cannot get pregnant after a year of trying regularly. Some couples will be successful in the second or third year of trying, but couples who cannot get pregnant should seek medical help after three years.
Couples infertility can be caused by the male partner, or female partner, or both. Studies show that a male partner is infertile about 40% of the time and that a female partner has fertility problems about 40% of the time. Therefore, male partners account for about half of all couples who have difficulty having children. However, about 20% of the time, the infertility test is entirely standard in both partners, even though the couple cannot conceive a child.
Symptoms of infertility in male
- Pain, swelling, allergies, or lumps in the testicles
- Frequent respiratory tract infections
- Sexual dysfunction
- Chromosomal or hormonal disorders
- Low sperm count
Causes of infertility in male
- Varicocele: A varicocele is an inflammation of the veins that drain the testicles and is the predominant cause of male infertility. This results in a decrease in the quantity and quality of semen.
- Infection: Some infections can affect sperm production or cause scars that block the passage of sperm. This includes inflammation of the epididymis and some sexually transmitted diseases, including gonorrhoea or HIV.
- Hormone Imbalance: Infertility can be caused by testicular abnormalities or disorders affecting other endocrine systems such as the hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal, and thyroid glands. Low testosterone levels and other hormonal problems occur due to several reasons.
- Some Medicines: Some medications, such as long-term use of anabolic steroids, cancer drugs, testosterone replacement therapy, arthritis, and other drugs, can decrease sperm production and cause male infertility.
- Surgery: Some surgeries, including vasectomy, scrotal or testicular, prostate surgery, and extensive abdominal surgery, will prevent men from releasing sperm.
- Hereditary or chromosomal disorders include cystic fibrosis and Klinefelter’s syndrome.
- Exposure to toxins such as radiation, pesticides, or industrial chemicals
- Common diseases, including kidney disease, cirrhosis, and malnutrition
In most cases, infertility is responsive to treatment. However, about 1% of infertile men have serious health problems (hormonal problems, infections, or tumours) that require extensive medical attention.
Lifestyle reasons for male infertility:
- Alcohol Consumption: This lowers testosterone levels, causes erectile dysfunction, and reduces sperm production. It also causes liver disease, leading to fertility complications.
- Weight gain has a significant impact on sperm and causes hormonal changes that affect fertility potential. Hence, avoid a sedentary lifestyle and exercise.
- Diet: Poor eating habits are common among working professionals. Unhealthy eating habits affect long-term fertility. It can also lead to weight gain and hormonal imbalance.
- Irregular sleep schedule: Insufficient amount of sleep has a direct impact on health and decreases fertility potential. Long, stressful working hours or other lifestyles can affect sleep. Balancing daily patterns is very important.
Infertility can be controlled by integrating several measures into everyday life.
- Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
- Eat a balanced diet.
- Maintain a healthy weight.
- Maintain a healthy work-life balance and reduce stress.
- Avoid a nocturnal lifestyle.
Can Male Infertility Be Cured?
Most cases of male infertility can be cured with appropriate therapeutic therapy or fertility treatments. In male infertility, the most common problem is related to sperm release.
How To Cure Male Infertility?
- Treatment depends on the cause of infertility. The simplest causes of male infertility treatment are lifestyle choices such as obesity or being overweight, substance abuse, and overheated testicles. People who are overweight or obese should consider changing their diet to eating nutritious foods. You need to change your bad lifestyle and take healthier paths to increase fertility.
- If the sperm count is low, drugs are given to increase hormone levels and sperm production. In addition, they need to have frequent sexual intercourse to boost their partner’s chances of getting pregnant. For patients with ejaculation problems, medication may be offered to relieve the problem and increase fertility. If the underlying disease causes obstruction, such as a varicocele or blockage of the ejaculatory ducts or epididymis, surgery can clear the damage.
- Alternatively, if the damage is irreparable, sperm can be removed from the testes and used in assisted reproductive techniques (ART). ART includes; intrauterine insemination, in vitro fertilization and intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
- People with hormonal imbalances can be treated with drugs to increase hormone levels. Hormone replacement therapy is also an option. Drug therapy is also used to treat infections in the body, especially in the testicles.
- In cancer patients, patients may consider storing sperm before treatment because chemotherapy and radiation can cause infertility. The stored sperm can then be used for assisted reproduction.
However, if none of these options is available, or if they don’t work, your doctor may talk with you about using a sperm donor or consider adoption to help build your family.
When to call a doctor
You may want to talk to your doctor if you and your partner can’t get pregnant after a year of trying regularly. Elderly couples or people who have serious reasons to suspect infertility may need to contact their doctor after trying for a shorter time (e.g. six months).
Also, see your doctor if you notice any changes in sexual function, such as decreased erection or inability to produce sperm.
Take care of yourself. Adequate sleep, exercise, and eating nutrient-rich foods are essential for good mental health. The inability to get pregnant can be difficult, stressful and frustrating, but Ziva Infertility clinic is here. We have the best experienced doctors to guide you throughout the course. To find out more about infertility, Ziva Infertility clinic Care is happy to help! Visit our website Best Fertility/Infertility Clinic in Hyderabad – Zivafertility Center, and make an appointment.