Reasons For Infertility In Women

Every couple hopes to get pregnant every time they try. As the days go by, doubts will linger in mind. Women get afraid of being infertile and think they cannot have babies. But there is good news. Currently, medical research is enabling more and more infertile women to have babies.

Pregnancy is a very complex process. Many things can go wrong during this process. Therefore, the list below includes only some of the most common causes of infertility in women. It’s not meant to be all-encompassing. Women who have difficulty getting pregnant should talk to a doctor about possible treatments.

Ziva infertility clinic will cover eight main reasons that influence female fertility.

What is Infertility?

Infertility is the inability to become pregnant, even after repeated unprotected sexual intercourse for a year. About one in six women have fertility problems. For some women, It’s so sad not to be able to hold a baby. With sophisticated technology and techniques, the problem of infertility in women can be overcome now. 

Unofficially, female infertility can also include cases of miscarriage, chemical pregnancy, and similar cases that end pregnancy spontaneously.

Reasons women become infertile.

Here are eight reasons why we feel this has had the most impact.

Overweight:

The normal BMI estimated by WHO is 18.5 to 24 kg / m2, more than 25 kg / m2, overweight and more than 30 kg / m2, as obese and below 18 kg / m2 as a deficiency.

Obesity is a major health problem associated with many social, psychological, demographic and health problems. Obesity plays an important role in reproduction. Obesity is also associated with miscarriage, menstrual disorders, infertility, and poor pregnancy outcomes. Obesity causes hormonal imbalances that can lead to insulin resistance, leading to diabetes and infertility, causing abnormal menstrual cycles or miscarriage. It is a problem because an unhealthy body can’t produce enough estrogen and causes infertility.

Age:

Age-related infertility is becoming more common in today’s society as men and women paved the way towards their future.

The reproductive potential in women decreases with age. The timing and biology of pregnancy are best during the early puberty to the late twenties. Fertility begins to decline in your 30s. Older women have a harder time getting pregnant even after medical procedures.

This doesn’t mean that you have to rush to get pregnant in your twenties or that you can’t get pregnant in your thirties. However, egg quality decreases with age, often causing abnormal labour with higher chances of miscarriage.

Although some women can still get pregnant at a much older age, this doesn’t happen to everyone. Several factors can also contribute to this. 

Family history:

Family history of infertility is not the biggest factor, but it does play an effective role in some cases. Ovulation disorders and polycystic ovary syndrome (POCS) are two major problems with a higher rate of hereditary infertility. PCOS can affect a woman’s ability to get pregnant.

If your mother has this infertility problem, you should see a doctor. 

Chemicals and Radiation:

According to a study of environmental health prospects, pollutants, pesticides, and industrial chemicals can reduce women’s ability to get pregnant by up to 29%.

Researchers strongly believe that metals and chemicals in the air, water, food, and health and beauty products contain toxic substances such as PCBs, pesticides, plastics (phthalates found in nail polish and perfume) and by-products of industrial combustion that cause female infertility.  

Radiation from medical diagnostic equipment (X-rays, CT scans, MRI) affects fertility if you overexpose yourself. Ionizing radiation causes long-term gonadotoxic effects, including ovarian failure, cessation of puberty, and subsequent infertility.

Smoking and alcohol:

Smoking causes 13% of infertility in women, which also affects genetic fertility.

Smoke contains nicotine, cyanide and carbon monoxide, which are also found in cigarettes. This increases egg loss and fertility problems as the number of cigarettes you smoke increases. Because smoking damages genetic material in eggs and sperm, it also increases the rate of congenital disabilities, unhealthy pregnancies, miscarriages and ectopic pregnancies.

It is not yet known how alcohol causes infertility. Still, doctors prevent drinking alcohol, reduce the chances of getting pregnant, increase the time it takes to get pregnant, give birth to a healthy baby, and increase ovulation disorders.

Excess Exercise:

Progesterone levels are usually high in the luteal phase to allow a fertilized egg to attach to the uterine wall. Low progesterone levels resulting from excessive exercise can prevent implantation of a fertilized egg, which can lead to infertility.

Irregular menstruation and ovulation disorders are more frequently seen in women who do exercise too much.

Thyroid:

Obstetrician and Gynecologist suggest that thyroid disease can cause ovulation and pregnancy problems. Doctors recommend that women with conception problems should get tested for an overactive or underactive thyroid.

Hypothyroidism can cause irregular menstrual cycles, oligomenorrhea, and other problems. Hypothyroidism has also been studied to cause ovarian cysts, which can cause fertility problems.

Medical Disease:

There are many reasons couples find it difficult to have children, such as:

  • Endometriosis: This is a condition in which the uterine lining grows and functions outside the uterus. This can be one of the causes of menstrual pain and infertility.
  • Reproductive tract infections: STDs are a major cause of infertility in both women and men. Chlamydia and gonorrhoea are common sexually transmitted infections that can be treated, but carelessness can lead to infertility.
  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): PID is also a common cause of infertility. This is an infection of the upper reproductive system in women, including the fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries. Episodes of PID can increase infertility risk to about 15%.
  • Ovulation Disorders: This is a group of conditions as diverse as PCOS, hypothalamic dysfunction, premature ovarian failure, and excess prolactin.
  • Stress: Female ovulation can be affected by psychological stress. So, try to reduce stress as much as possible.
  • Cancer and its treatment: Radiation and especially cancer of the reproductive system, can cause infertility in women.
  • Early menopause: Although the cause is unknown, sometimes the ovaries stop working, and menopause occurs in women under 40.
  • Blockage or damage to the fallopian tubes: Inflammation of the fallopian tubes can be caused by adhesions, endometriosis, infection, or pelvic inflammatory disease.
  • Ovulation Disorders: Too much or too little thyroid hormone, too much exercise, eating disorders, or tumours can interfere with the release of eggs from the ovaries.
  • Pelvic adhesions: Scars can form, causing pelvic adhesions after abdominal or pelvic surgery, appendicitis, endometriosis, or pelvic infection.
  • Uterine or cervical abnormalities:  These can be congenital physiological abnormalities, benign tumours on the uterine wall, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), or uterine polyps.

When should one see a doctor for female infertility?

  • When you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above.
  • If you notice other changes in your body, such as Rash on the genitals.
  • Menstrual cycle changes.
  • If you have had uterine surgery in the past.
  • Depending on your age, decide whether you should see a doctor in six months if you are between 25 and 35 or wait up to a year if you are under 25. For women over 40 years, you should see a doctor without a day delay.

Conclusion:

Infertility is a common and serious problem that affects 12-13 out of 100 couples. The causes of female fertility are difficult to diagnose, and there are many alternative treatments on offer.Resetting the body can be what it takes to overcome all obstacles in your path. In general, an examination of the body and general health can help determine the cause of various problems, including infertility. For more information, contact Ziva infertility clinic at  Ziva Fertility – Book Appointment.

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