Infertility is an unpleasant experience for any couple; it is a disease that is referred to as a reproductive system disorder that compromises the functions of reproduction, either in males or females. Here are some of the most common questions one should know about infertility problems.
What is infertility?
Infertility is defined as when a couple is not able to conceive even after having well-timed, unprotected sex for more than 12-months. This does not necessarily mean you can never become pregnant. By taking fertility treatment, an infertile couple can have a pregnancy most of the time.
What is Sterility?
Sterility is defined as the inability to produce a biological child. A doctor confirms sterility after a thorough medical diagnosis which indicates the patient has a nonfunctioning or absence of the uterus, ovaries, no egg production or absence of sperm.
What are the signs and symptoms of infertility?
Symptoms of infertility in women include:
- Abnormal or irregular periods
- Absence of periods
- Painful periods
- Changes in the skin, such as an increase in acne
- Changes in sexual desire
- You may observe the growth of dark hair on your lips, chest and chin
- Hair loss
- Unexplained weight gain
- Hot flashes
- Painful intercourse
- Milky discharge from the breast
Symptoms of infertility in men include:
- Testicular pain, swelling, or lump
- Ejaculations Problems
- Erectile dysfunctions
- Testicles that are small and firm
- Growth patterns of the hair will be changed
- Changes in sexual desire
Is infertility a “women’s problem”?
No, it’s not true. The infertility problem can affect both men and women, almost in an equal number. On average, 1/3 of infertility problems are associated with the female partner, another 1/3 is related to the male partner, and some problems occur in combination with both the partners. However, despite a thorough diagnostic assessment, around 20% of fertility problems remain “unexplained.”
Does age impact the fertility of a woman or man?
Yes, age is one of the most important factors that affect the fertility of women and men. Women are born with the capacity to produce all the eggs they will ever need. But as they age, her eggs decrease in quantity and quality. Unfortunately, there is no way to stop or reverse it at present. A woman’s fertility starts to reduce in her early 30s, and more so after the age of 35.The risks of pregnancy complications increase as women age.
Similarly, the quality of sperm in men decreases as they age, starting at 40 years. However, the decline in fertility is slower in men than in women.
What are the fertility tests done by a fertility doctor at the clinic?
A fertility screening begins with an analysis of the medical history of both partners. Both male and female partners should undergo a physical exam, which includes a gynaecological examination and pelvic ultrasound in women. And in men, it begins with semen analysis, and a hormone screening will be done.
A woman might also need tubal patency (evaluation of fallopian tubes) and uterine cavity tests.
What are the treatments for infertility?
Infertility treatment is based on the problem and its severity. It can be treated through medicines, surgery or ART procedures. Problems like ovulation and hormonal issues can be treated through medicines. Structural problems associated with reproductive organs, and fibroids, cysts require surgical treatment. In some cases, ART procedures like intrauterine insemination (IUI) and in vitro fertilization (IVF) are effective for infertility.
Our fertility specialist ZIVA Fertility Centre in Hyderabad, will evaluate every couple thoroughly and develop a treatment plan that is tailored to their individual needs. For some couples, reassurance is enough to ease their concerns.
Can infertility be prevented?
Yes, infertility prevalence can be prevented by education and awareness. Several infertility problems are preventable. By educating the general public on health and implementing preventive strategies, we can significantly reduce the incidence and burden of infertility affecting millions of men and women around the world.
To know more about infertility treatments, consult our best fertility doctors in Hyderabad. We have helped hundreds of couples who came to us with infertility problems. Call +91-9100002737, +91 78424 00104 to book an appointment with ZIVA fertility experts in Hyderabad.